Breaking Eggs And Making Omelettes

Topics On Multimedia Technology and Reverse Engineering


Daily Dose of DRM

April 20th, 2005 by Multimedia Mike

A coworker brought to my attention the latest cross-company DRM consortium effort: Advanced Access Content System (AACS). When I hear about these efforts, I feel as apathetic as the AACS model pictured here (they put all this effort into making their movies and music secure but they still can not stop me from ripping the still images from their website):

She just does not look too happy, does she? Almost as if she is getting burned out on multimedia technology. All of the usual promises are there: All multimedia hardware and software will eventually adopt this standard. This includes HD-DVD, Blu-Ray, recording from broadcast, and the capability to move the content around in a “managed” fashion, probably designed to optimize the amount of cash moving out of consumers’ wallets.

AACS Spokesmodel
Green AACS Spokesmodel says: “Is Sony Blu-Ray going to clash with my outfit?”

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Posted in DRM, Multimedia PressWatch | Comments Off on Daily Dose of DRM

More On Automated Java De-obfuscation

April 19th, 2005 by Multimedia Mike

I am not especially proficient in understanding software projects that were written in an excessively object-oriented manner, as languages like C++ and Java encourage a programmer to do. So I had trouble getting my head around the GPL’d source code for the Retroguard Java obfuscator, which I had hoped to subvert into a source code de-obfuscator. Fortunately, Doxygen proved invaluable for generating documentation and hierarchy diagrams that helped illustrate the program’s architecture (I think Javadoc can be used for the same purpose, but I find that Doxygen is easier to install). I think I see where I can hook in to get a basic de-obfuscator.

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Posted in Java, Reverse Engineering | Comments Off on More On Automated Java De-obfuscation

Custom NES Video Codec

April 14th, 2005 by Multimedia Mike

The 8-bit Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) is my favorite video game console of all time. I even used to maintain a native Linux NES emulator named TuxNES to help preserve the nostalgia.

Castlevania Screenshot <– Simon vs. the undead fish monsters in Konami’s original Castlevania

Link, the hope of Hyrule, takes on the Octoroks in the original Legend of Zelda –>
Legend of Zelda Screenshot

But I love these: Videos showcasing tool-assisted “Time Attacks”. The basic idea is that the people behind the videos use a variety of feature-rich console emulators to get through games very quickly using some very clever methods. Watching a video from start to finish usually lets you relive the experience of playing through the entire game, all in 10-20 minutes, nominally.

The video is encoded with the DivX codec; the frames are each 256×224 at 60 frames/sec (for NTSC games; 50 fps for PAL games). Audio is generally encoded as MP3 audio at 32-64 kbps. As a multimedia freak, I have to admit that it is a little frustrating to watch these videos which are typically encoded with ISO MPEG-4 (under the fourcc DIVX). So I started to wonder if it would be possible to develop a custom codec specifically for coding this type of video, and losslessly.

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Posted in Nintendo, Open Source Multimedia, Outlandish Brainstorms, PAVC | Comments Off on Custom NES Video Codec

Video Coding Concepts: Quantization

April 14th, 2005 by Multimedia Mike

This article is now maintained as a Wiki page at

I have never quite understood what is so hard about quantization. Maybe I am missing something but it seems to be primarily a matter of division (for quantization) and multiplication (for dequantization, a.k.a. requantization).

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Posted in Codec Technology, Video Codecs | 2 Comments »

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